真人斗地主

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呕心沥血扶贫忙——宝鸡籍老干部、原中国扶贫基金会常务副会长何载同志扶贫纪事

编辑:王亚恒 来源:炎帝故里论坛 发布时间:2019年12月18日
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SHIQINGSUIRANYIJINGGUOQULE8NIAN,DANGWOZAICIJIANDAOHELAOSHI,WODESIXUHUIDAOLESHANGGESHIJI80NIANDAIMO……

2002NIAN,ZAIZHONGGUOLISHIHESHIJIELISHISHANGSHIGEFEITONGXUNCHANGDEYINIAN。ZHEINIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUXIANGSHIJIEZHENGZHONGXUANBU:ZHONGGUOYIJIBENXIAOCHUPINKUNRENKOU。ZHEISHIYIGELEBUQIDEJUDACHENGJIU,BEIGUOJISHEHUIZANYUWEI“GUOJIDEQIJI!”

CHUANGZAOZHEIYIQIJI,SHOUXIANYAOGUIGONGYUDANGZHONGYANGDEZHENGQUELINGDAO,GUIGONGYUGUANGDAGANBUQUNZHONGDEJIANKUNULI,TONGSHIYEGUIGONGYUCHENGQIANSHANGWANZAIXIAOCHUPINKUNDEWEIDASHIYEZHONGDANJINGJIELV、WUSIFENGXIANDEZHISHIRENRENMEN。

HEZAITONGZHIJIUSHIQIZHONGZUIDIANXINGDEDAIBIAO。

“扶贫济困是我们中华民族的美德,建国这么多年了,至今还有1亿人挣扎在贫困线上,我睡不着呀!”

HEZAI,YUANMINGRONGGONG,1919NIAN11YUECHUSHENGZAIBAOJISHICHENCANGQUJIACUNZHENDUJIAAOCUN。1936NIAN,ZAIZHONGHUAMINZUSHENGSICUNWANGDEWEIJIGUANTOU,ZHENGZAIXIANSHANGCHUZHONG,NIANJIN17SUIDEHEZAI,MUDULERIBENQINLVEZHETIETIROULIN、SHANHEPOSUI、SHENGLINGTUTANDECANZHUANG,YIRANJUERANDITOUBENYANAN,XIANHOUZAIMALIEXUEYUAN、ZHONGYANGYANJIUXUEYUANXUEXI,DANGGUOKANGRIZHENGQUANDEXIANZHANG,HOULAICONGSHIDANGDENONGCUNDIAOCHAHEZUZHIJIANSHEGONGZUO。1944NIANQI,ZAIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGXIBEIJUZUZHIBURENMISHU、BANGONGSHIZHUREN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUFUSULIANXUEXI。1950NIANBEIDIAOJINZHONGNANHAI,XIANHOUZAIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGSHUJICHU、ZHENGZHIMISHUSHIHEZHONGGONGZHONGYANGBANGONGTINGRENMISHU、ZHUREN,YUHUQIAOMU、TIANJIAYING、YEZILONG、KANGYIMINDENGZAIMAOZHUXISHENBIANGONGZUO。1958NIAN,NIANJIN39SUIDEHEZAIBEISUOWEI“HEIQISHIJIAN”SUOXIAN,DAIZHEMOXUYOUDEZUIMINGLIKAIZHONGNANHAI,FAPEIDAOYIGENONGCHANGLAODONGGAIZAO,JINGGUO21NIANDELIANYU,ZHIDAO1979NIANDANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIZHIHOUCAIHUODEPINGFAN,CISHI,HEZAIYISHI60SUIDELAORENLE。

HEZAIPINGFANHOU,XIANHOURENZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZUZHIBUGANSHENJUJUZHANG、MISHUZHANG、JIGUANDANGWEISHUJI。ZAICIQIJIAN,HEZAIZAIDANGZHONGYANGHESHIRENZHONGYANGZUZHIBUBUZHANGHUYAOBANGDEZHIJIELINGDAOXIA,JIEJINQUANLILUOSHIGANBUZHENGCE,PINGFANYUANJIACUOAN,SHICHENGQIANSHANGWANDEMENGYUANZHEXIXUEYUANQU,ZHONGJIANTIANRI。

真人斗地主1987NIAN,NIANYI68SUIDEHEZAI,CONGZHONGYANGZUZHIBULINGDAOGANGWEITUIJUERXIANBUJIU,ZHENGGANSHANGZHONGYANGTICHUSHISHI“BAQIFUPINGONGJIANJIHUA”。ZHONGYANGRENWEIYOUBIYAOCHENGLIYIGEFEIZHENGFUXINGZHIDEFUPINJIJINZUZHI。XIANGNAN、LINHUJIA、LIRENJUN、ZHURONG、XUGUANGYI、YANGYONGZHE、HEZAIDENGYIXIEGANGCONGLINGDAOGANGWEISHANGTUIJUERXIANDELAOBUZHANG、LAOJIANGJUNMENZUOBUZHULE。YUSHIJINGGUOYIFANSIKAO,HEZAITICHUYIGEFANGANJIAOJIDAJIA。JINGGUODAJIAYUNNIANGTAOLUN,YIZHIJUEDING,JINGQINGDEGAOWANGZHONG、ZAIGUONEIWAIYOUJUDAYINGXIANGDELIXIANNIANWEIMINGYUHUIZHANG,HUIZHANGYOUXIANGNANTONGZHIDANREN,ERCHANGWUFUHUIZHANG,ZHEIGEJIYAODONGKOU,YOUYAODONGSHOUDEKUCHASHI,TUIXUANYOUHEZAITONGZHIDANREN。

BAISHOUQIJIACHUANGBANYIGEQUANGUOXINGDEMINJIANFUPINJIJINZUZHI,TANHERONGYI!MEIYOUJINGFEI,HEZAIXIANNACHUZIJIDEQIANDIANSHANG,MEIYOUBANGONGDIDIAN,HEZAIBENBUKUANCHANGDEJIACHENGLEKAIHUI、BANGONGDEDIFANG;MEIYOUGONGZUORENYUAN,JIUDONGYUANZIJIDELAOBAN、HAIZIYIQISHANGZHENBANGMANG,SHOUFAXINJIAN、DENGJI、JILU、SONGXIN、LIANXI,SHENMEHUODOUGAN。

NIANJIN70QIESHENHUANBANGGUANGAIDEHEZAI,DANFUQIZUJIANFUPINJIJINHUIJUTIGONGZUODEZHONGREN。TAXIEZHUXIANGNANTONGZHIWUSEJIJINHUICHENGYUAN,XUANZEBANGONGDIZHI,CHOUCUOBANGONGJINGFEI,BANLISHENBAOSHOUXU,LIANLUOGEJIERENSHI,QICAOJIJINHUIZHANGCHENG,TIANTIANMANGDEBUYILEHU,JIANZHIBIZAIZHISHIFANMANGSHUBEI。JIGEYUEXIALAI,HELAOSHOULE,HEILE,LAOBANXINTENGLE,HAIZIMENXINTENGLE,SHENBIANDEGONGZUORENYUANXINTENGLE。HELAOQUESHUO:“FUPINJIKUNSHIWOMENZHONGHUAMINZUDEMEIDE,JIANGUOZHEIMEDUONIANLEZHIJINHAIYOU1YIRENZHENGZHAZAIPINKUNXIANSHANG,WOSHUIBUZHEYA!”

真人斗地主WEILEDONGYUANYIXIETUIXIALAIDELAOTONGZHIJIJICANYUDAOFUPINSHIYEZHONG,HELAOFANKANYOU100DUOWEIGANBUJIATINGDEJILUBU,YIJIAYIJIADIDADIANHUA,ZHUMENZHUHUDIDENGMENBAIFANG。ZHEIXIETUIXIALAIDELAOTONGZHI,TINGSHUOFUPINDANGRANZHICHI,DANYITINGSHUOJIJINHUIGONGZUOSHIYAOQIUBIERENJUANQIANDESHIER,YOUDELAOTONGZHIJIUDALETUITANGGU。HELAONAIXINDIZUOZHEIXIELAOTONGZHIDESHUOFUGONGZUO。TASHUO:“QIUREN,BINGBUDIUREN,KANWEISHEIQIUREN,WEIZIJIDEZINV、DAIYU、ZHUFANGQIURENDANGRANBUKEQU,DANWEIRENMINQIUREN,WEIQIANQIANWANWANZHIJINRENGZHENGZHAZAIPINKUNXIANSHANGDELAOBAIXINGJINKUAITUOPINZHIFUQIUREN,BUJINBUDIUREN,HAISHIGUANGRONGDENI……”TAHAILIEJULEMAOZHUXI、ZHOUENLAIWEILERENMIN、WEILEGEMING、WEILETONGZHIERQIURENDESHILI,SHUOMINGWEIFUPINERQIURENSHIGEMINGGONGZUOXUYAODEDAOLI。

真人斗地主HELAOSHUO:“WOMENZHEIXIELAOTONGZHI,DADOUSHICONGZHANZHENGNIANDAIZOUGUOLAIDE,DANGNIAN,WOMENGENGUOMINDANGDOU、GENRIBENRENDOUWEIDESHISHA,BUJIUSHIWEILERENMINXINGFU,LAOBAIXINGGUOSHANGHAORIZIMA?RUJIN,JIANGUOZHEIMEDUONIAN,ZHIJINHAIYOU1YIRENZHENGZHAZAIPINKUNXIANSHANG,ERZHEIXIERENYOUDABUFENSHILAOSHAOBIANQIONGDIQU,WEIZHONGGUOGEMINGFUCHUGUOJUDADAIJIADERENMINA!”HELAODEHUA,YUZHONGXINZHANG,JUJUSHUODAOZHEIXIELAOBUZHANG、LAOJIANGJUNDEXINKANSHANG。

真人斗地主1989NIAN3YUE13RI,YOUYUANGUOJIAZHUXI、QUANGUOZHENGXIEZHUXILIXIANNIANWEIMINGYUHUIZHANG,HUANGHUA、FEIXIAOTONGWEIMINGYUFUHUIZHANG,LINHUJIA、LIRENJUNWEIGUWEN,XIANGNANWEIHUIZHANG,HEZAIWEICHANGWUFUHUIZHANG,YOU127WEILAOBUZHANG、LAOJIANGJUNWEILISHIDEZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUI,ZAIRENMINDAHUITANGZHENGSHICHENGLI。

面对一条被子上的107块补丁,这位投身革命半个世纪的老党员震撼了,他热泪盈眶,哽咽难语。

真人斗地主ZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUICHENGLIZHIHOU,HEZAIHELAOBUZHANG、LAOJIANGJUNMENXIANGDANGNIANBENFUZHANCHANGYIYANG,FENFENBENFUPINKUNDIQU,ZAIYICIDAXIANGLEWEILAOSHAOBIANQIONGDIQURENMINTUOPINZHIFUDEXINZHANYI。TAMENCHENXIAQU,ZHANGWOZHONGGUONONGCUNPINKUNDEDIYISHOUZILIAO;XIANGFANGSHEFA,WEIZHONGGUOPINKUNQUNZHONGZAORITUOPINZHIFUCHUMOUHUACE。

真人斗地主SHANBEIDEHUANGYEDAMO,YUNNANDEQIQUXIAOLU,LONGXIDEHUANGSHANTULING,BAZHONGDESHENSHANSHIJING……DAOCHULIUXIALEHELAODEZUJI。TAMEIDAOYICHU,DOUYAOAIMENZHUHUDIFANGPINWENKU。BUTONGQICHEDEDIFANG,TAJIUTUBUSUIXING,YOUXIESHENSHANLAOLINZHONGDECUNLUO,DANGDIGANBUYEMEIYOUDAOGUO。DANGRENMENDEZHISHIDANGZHONGYANGPAILAIDEGANBULAIKANWANGTAMENSHI,DAJIAJIDONGDEBENZOUXIANGGAO,XIANGGUONIANYIYANGHUANXINGUWU。

真人斗地主1988NIANQIUTIAN,HELAOHEJIEFANGJUNZONGHOUQINBUDEYIWEIBUZHANG、LAOJIANGJUNCHENGZUOZHEYILIANGJIPUCHEYILUDIANBOHUIDAOLECENGJINGZHANDOUGUODEGANSUDANGCHANGXIANKAOCHA,CHUDAOXIANCHENGTAMENRANGSIJIHEJINGWEIYUANQUZHAOXIANZHAODAISUO,TAMENZAILUBIANHEYIXIELAOXIANGLAQIHUALAI。YIWEILAONONGTINGSHUOTAMENSHICONGBEIJINGLAIDEJIUDUITAMENSHUO:“MINGUOERSHISINIAN,PENGDEHUAIZHIHUIDEHONGJUNTURANCONGTIANERJIANG,YIGECHONGFENGDAKAILELAZIKOU,JIEFANGLEWOMENXIAN,MASHANGJIWOMENPAILAILEYIGEXIANZHANG。ZHEIWEIXIANZHANGDUIRENMINKEHAOLI,FENLIANG、FENTIAN、FENYIFUZHENSHIQINRUYIJIAREN。LINMO,WOMENDONGYUANLEYIQIANDUOMINGQINGNIAN,GENTAQUDANGLEHONGJUN,DANSHI,TAMENZHEIYIZOUZAIMEIXIAOXI,TINGSHUODANGNIANDENEIGEXIANZHANGXIANZAIBEIJINGDANGDAGUANLE,RENBIANLE,XINYEBIANLE,BAWOMENZHEIXIESHOUKUDERENJIWANGLE”。LAONONGDEHUAXIANGGANGZHEN,SHENSHENDICITONGLELAOJIANGJUNDEXIN,SHUIZAIGEBIDEHELAO,YOUYUXIANZHAODAISUOYONGMUBANDANGQIANGDEYUANGU,LAOJIANGJUNDEMUBANCHUANGBUTINGDIXIANG,RANGHELAOYEYIYEMEIHEYAN。DIERTIANTIANHAIMEILIANG,LAOJIANGJUNDUIHELAOSHUO:“LAOHE,NIZHIDAOTAMENSHUODENEIGEXIANZHANGSHISHEIMA?JIUSHIWOYA!ZHEIYIQIANDUOMINGQINGNIANHOULAICANJIALEXILUJUN,XILUJUNLIANGWANDUORENZAIHEXIZOULANGJICIDADEZHANDOUZHONGDABUFENXISHENGLE,ERWOFENGMINGZHENGLIANGQULE,CAIXINGMIANYUNAN,YINIANHOU,WOSHIYAOFANHUIDAOYANANDE……LAOBAIXINGZUOTIANMAWOWANGENFUYI,MADEDUIYA!WOMENDANGNIANPINMINGLIUXUE,BUJIUSHIYAOLAOKUDAZHONGGUOSHANGHAORIZIMA?FUCHITAMENTUOPINZHIFUSHIWOMENYIBURONGCIDEZEREN!”HELAOTINGWANLAOJIANGJUNDEHUASHENWEIGANDONG,HUIDAOBEIJINGZAIYICIHUIYISHANG,BAZHEIGEGUSHIJIANGJIZAIZUODETONGZHITING。

“FUPINJIUSHIHAIZHANG,HAIRENMINDEZHANG”。ZHICI,ZHEIJUHUACHENGWEILIUCHUANZAIZHEIXIELAOBUZHANGHELAOJIANGJUNZHIJIANDEKOUTOUSHAN。

真人斗地主CONGCIYIHOU,HELAOZAIYEZUOBUZHULE,TAHUAICHUAIYIQIANGDUIRENMINHAIZHANGDEFUJIUGAN,KAISHILEZHANGDA15NIANDEFUPINGONGZUO,SHAN、GAN、NING、QING、JI、JIN、YU、YUN、GUI、CHUANJIYIMENG、LVLIANGDENGLAO、SHAO、BIAN、QIONGDIQUDAOCHULIUXIALEHELAODEZUJI,BINGWEIZHEIXIEDIQUMUJIZIJINJIANCHENGJINBAIGEXIANGMU。

1993NIAN,HELAOLAIDAOYUNNANSHENGLUQUANXIAN16GONGLIDEYIGEJIAOQIANHAIZIDECUNZI,KANDAOYIGE6KOUZHIJIA,FUQILIANGZHUYIGECAOPU,GAIYITIAOYOUPODONGDELANMIANXUBEIZI,ERLIANGGENANHAIHELIANGGENVHAIZHUZAICAOPENGSHANGBIANDECHAILOUSHANG,LIANYITIAOPOBEIRUDOUMEIYOU,ZHIHAOYIPOYIZHESHEN。CAOFANGSHANGMIANHAIYOUJIGEDADONG,CHIDESHIYUMIZHOUSHI,HELAODEXINLIULEILE,DANGJITUOXIASHENSHANGDEYIFU,LIANTONGYIDAILIDEJIBAIYUANQIANJIAODAOPINKUNHUSHOUZHONG。

真人斗地主JIJINHUIDEGONGZUORENYUANHEJIARENDOUZHIDAO,HELAOMEICIXIAXIANGHUIJING,DAIDETIHUANYIFUZONGSHISHAOLEJIJIAN,ERZHUANGZHELINGYONGQIANDEKOUDAIWANGWANGSHINANGKONGRUXI!

 

真人斗地主ZAISHANXIZUOSHUIXIAN,HELAOZAIYIJIAPINKUNHUZOUFANG,TADEMUGUANGBEIYITIAOBUDINGLUOBUDINGDEBEIZIXIYINLE,TASHULESHU,JINGYOU107KUAI!MIANDUIYITIAOBEIZISHANGDE107KUAIBUDING,ZHEIGETOUSHENGEMINGBANGESHIJIDELAODANGYUANBEIZHENHANLE,TAXINCHAOPENGPAI,NANYIPINGJING;TARELEIYINGKUANG,GENGYANNANYU……

真人斗地主ZAIPINKUNDIQUDESUOJIANSUOWEN,SHIHELAOCHANSHENGLEYIZHONGCONGWEIYOUGUODECHENZHONGGAN,TASHENSHENGANDAO:FUPINGONGZUOZAIYEDANGEBUDELE!

真人斗地主CONGCIYIHOU,HELAOMEICICHUQUKAOCHA,DOUSHINENGZUOHUOCHEDE,JIANJUEBUZUOFEIJI,NENGZUOYINGZUODE,JIANJUEBUZUOWOPU,BINGQIEJUJUEDANGDIZHENGFUDEYIQIEYINGLAISONGWANGHEYANQING。

何老不顾年事已高,八次赴榆林地区考察论证,在这里创造了第一个被联合国称为“是一个了不起的奇迹”的奇迹。

JIJINHUICHENGLIBUJIU,ZUICHENGGONG、GUIMOZUIDA、XIAOYIZUIHAO,CHUANGZAOLEDIYIGEFUPINQIJIDESHIZAISHANXIYULINDIQUJINXINGDE40WANMU“SHADIGAIZAO”GONGCHENG。

真人斗地主YULINDIQUSHUYUSHANBEIGEMINGLAOQU,JINKAOMAOWUSUSHAMO,YOUSHIYILAIYIZHISHOUFENGSHAQINXI,YULINCHENGZAILISHISHANG3CINANQIAN。DEBUDAOWENBAODELAOBAIXINGZHIHAOBEIJINGLIXIANG,QIDIQIUSHENG。

真人斗地主ZI1989NIANYILAI,NIANYI70GAOLINGDEHEZAIHUITONGGUOJIAJIWEIFUZHURENJINXIYING、LIJUN,ZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUIHUIZHANGXIANGNAN、SHIYOUBUFUBUZHANGLIJINGDENGGUOWUYUANYOUGUANBUMENHESHANXISHENGDEYOUGUANFUZETONGZHIHEZHUANJIA、XUEZHEXIANHOU8CIFUYULIN、SHENMU、HENGSHAN、JINGBIANDENGDIDEXIANGCUNJINXINGKAOCHA,TANXUNTUOPINZHIFUDETUJING。

JUDIZHIBUMENKAOCHAMAOWUSUSHAMOCENGSHIDAHAI,JIRANSHIDAHAI,SHIBIYOUDIXIASHUIDEKENENG。HELAODUOCIYUDIZHIKANTANBUMENLIANXI,CONGDANGDIGANBUQUNZHONGZHONGLEJIE,ZHANGWOQUEYOUFENGFUDEDIXIASHUIDEDIYISHOUZILIAO,YOUYUGUOJIAJIWEIJINXIYINGFUZHUREN、SHANXISHENGWANGSHUANGXIFUSHENGZHANGDUOCIYANJIU,ZHIDINGDAJING、JISHUI、SHADIGAIZAODEGONGCHENGSHISHIFANGAN。TONGSHI,QINGQIUSHENFUMEIKUANG、JINGMEIGONGSIWEIDANGDITOUZI、LIXIANG,BINGQINZIDAOSHENGLIYOUTIANWEIYANANJISHANBEIDIQUZHENGQUDAOGENGXINXIALAIDEJIUSHEBEI。ZIJIN、SHEBEI、ZHENGCESANLUOSHIHOU,TAMENXIANGDANGNIANDAILINGLAOQURENMINDATUHAO、FENTIANDIDELAOHONGJUN、LAOBALUYIYANGTOURUDAOHUOREDEDAJING、XIUQUDIYIXIAN。ZAIZHONGYANGHEDIFANGGEJILINGDAODEDALIZHICHIXIA,QUNCEQUNLI,JIANKUFENDOU,KAIFASHUITIAN40WANMU,DADAGAISHANLESHENGTAIHUANJING,ZENGCHANLIANGSHI5000WANGONGJIN,DANGNIANJIUSHIGAIDIQU1.5WANHU7.34WANRENTUOPIN。ZHANGQIKUYUDEBUDAOWENBAODENONGMINSHIXIANLEMENGMEIYIQIUDEFENGYIZUSHI、ANJULEYEDEYUANWANG。YIWEIDANGDILAORENPENGZHEQINGLIANGDEJINGSHUI,JIDONGDISHUO:“HAISHIGONGCHANDANGHAO,SHEHUIZHUYIHAO,DANGNIANDEHONGJUNYOUHUILAILE!”

LIANHEGUODUIYULINZHISHAHE“SHADIGAITIAN”SHIFENGUANZHU,JIDUBASHAMOHUIYIFANGZAIYULINZHAOKAI。LIANHEGUOYOUGUANZUZHIDEGUANYUANGAODUPINGJIAYULINDIQU“SHADIGAITIAN”DECHENGJI,RENWEI“ZHEISHIYIGELEBUQIDEQIJI”。

1990NIAN12YUE,JIANGZEMINZONGSHUJISHICHASHANBEISHI,DUIZHEICI“SHADIGAITIAN”GONGCHENGJIYUCHONGFENKENDING,GUOJIAXIANHOUNACHU23GEYI,KUODASHATIANGAIZAOGONGCHENG300WANMU。

真人斗地主RUJIN,YULINDIQUDELIUSHABEIFENGGULE,SHANQINGDILV,DAOCHUSHIZHUANGJIA、PUTAO、GUAGUOHESHUCAI,DAPIQIDIQIUSHENGDENONGMIN,FENFENFANQIAN,GUOSHANGLEDINGJU、FUYUDEHAORIZI。TAMENYONGYUANYEBUHUIWANGJIDANGHEZHENGFUDUIYULINDIQUDEGUANXINHEZHICHI,YONGYUANYEBUHUIWANGJIHEZAIZAINEIDEYIPILAOTONGZHIOUXINLIXUEBANGZHUTAMENZHIQIONGZHIFU,GUOSHANGLEYISHIWUYOUDEXIAOKANGSHENGHUO!

XIANGYULINDIQU“SHADIGAITIAN”GONGCHENGYIYANG,10DUONIANLAIYOUHELAOJINGSHOUDEFUPINKAIFAXIANGMUJUBUSHENGJU:

真人斗地主1989NIAN12YUE,JIJINHUIZIZHUFUJIANSHENGFUANXIANLILICHENGZHIXIANGMU、GUANGDONGZHAOQINGDIQUGAOCHANYOUZHIXIANGJIAOMIAOXIANGMU。

1990~1991NIAN,ZHONGGUOHUANENGJITUANJINGMEIGONGSIWEISHANBEISHENMU、FUGUERXIANTIGONGFUPINZIJIN400WANYUAN,XINGJIANYANGZHICHANG、NAINIUJIDIDENG8GEZHIJIEWEISHENFUMEIKAIFAFUWUDEFUPINXIANGMU,JIJIEJUELESHENFUMEITIANZHIGONGDESHENGHUOXUYAO,YOUWEIDANGDINONGMINTUOPINZHIFUZHAODAOLEMENLU。

真人斗地主1991NIAN,ZHONGGUOSHIHUAZONGGONGSIZIZHUHUBEISHENGDAWUXIANKAIFAWUJIUYOUXILIECHANPIN。TONGNIAN,ZHONGGUOSHIHUAZONGGONGSITIGONG200WANYUANZIJIN,ZHICHIHUNANXIANGXITUJIAMIAOZUZIZHIXIANKAIFAYOUZHIGANJIEXIANGMU。

1992NIANCHU,YUNNANZHAOTONGJUANYANCHANGJUANZENG1000WANYUAN,YONGYUDANGDIKAIFAFUPINXIANGMU。

1994NIANYOUJIJINHUICHUZIZHICHIGEMINGLAOQUHEBEISHENGPINGSHANXIAN,DUIGAIXIANBAOSHICAILIAOCHANGGAOCHUNGUISUANJIAXIANGMUJINXINGKUOJIANGAIZAO。DANGNIANTOUZI,DANGNIANJIANXIAO。SHI1500MINGPINKUNNONGMINRENJUNZENGJIASHOURU750YUAN。

真人斗地主1995NIAN,ZIZHUHEBEISHENGGUANGZONGXIANCAIYOUQIANGDIZHUANXIANGMU,GAIXIANGMUTOUCHANHOUSHI300GEPINKUNJIATINGZOUCHUPINKUN。ZHICHIHEBEISHENGLAIYUANXIANFUNVSHOUGONGMAOYIBIANZHIXIANGMU,JINYINIANSHIJIAN,GAIXIANJIUJIANQILE200DUOGEMAOYIJIAGONGWANGDIAN,XISHOULE2WANDUOMINGFUNVJIARUDAOBIANZHIMAOYIXINGLIE,NVGONGMENRENJUNSHOURUDA800YUANYISHANG。

真人斗地主1996NIANJIJINHUICHUZI30WANYUAN,ZHICHIZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSIHAINONGCUNJISHUKAIFAYANJIUSUOKAIFADEGUOJIAGAOKEJIXIANGMU——FENGDUCAIJIQIHEFENGDUCHANPINXIANGMUYANZHICHENGGONG,SHIHEBEI、HENAN、HUBEI、ANHUIDENGSHENGDE1500DUOMINGFENGNONGXUNSUTUOPIN。

真人斗地主1997NIAN8YUE,SHENYANGDAANJITUAN、SICHUANXINXIWANGJITUAN、SHENZHENGUANFENGHUAMAOYIGONGSIFENBIEJUANKUAN100WANYUAN,GUANGDONGHUIZHOUQIAOXINGDIANXUNJITUANJUANKUAN1000WANYUAN,YONGYU“PINKUNNONGHUZILIGONGCHENG”XIANGMU……

ZHEIXIEFUPINKAIFAXIANGMU,WUBUQINGZHULEHELAODEXINXUE!

通过考察,何老认为,贫困地区的落后,除受自然条件和历史条件制约外,关键是人的问题,人的观念问题,因此,扶贫要先扶人,扶人要先扶志。

1990NIANHELAOYUXIANGNANTONGZHIZAISHANDONGYIMENGLAOQUZHAOKAINONGYEJISHUHUI,TINGDANGDIQUNZHONGSHUO:“JIQIANJIWUBURUJIGEHAOGANBU”DEHUAHOU,GANKAIWANQIAN。HUIHOU,TAHEXIANGNANZHIBENQINBASHANQU,TONGGUODUI3GEDIQU10GEXIANKAOCHA,HELAORENWEI,PINKUNDIQUDELUOHOU,CHULESHOUZIRANTIAOJIANHELISHITIAOJIANDEZHIYUEWAI,GUANJIANSHIRENDEWENTI,RENDEGUANNIANWENTI。NENGBUNENGXIANFUBANGHOUFU,SHIXINGLIANGGEDIQUGANBUJIAOLIUNI?HELAODEZHEIYIXIANGFA,DEDAOLELIXIANNIAN、SONGPING、CHENPIXIAN、LINHUJIA、CENGZHI、CHENYEPINGHEXIANGNANDENGLAOTONGZHIZANTONGHOU,TADEXINXINGENGDALE。

1990NIANDI,TASHOUXIANXUANZELESHANXISHENGQINBASHANQU4GEDIQU、31GEXIANYUJIANGSUSHENG7GESHISHISHIGANBUJIAOLIU。YINIANHOU,GANBUJIAOLIUXUNSUZAIQUANGUOSUSHAN、LUSHAN、JINLONG、JINGHU、HUJIN、ZHEXIANG、YUEQIONGDENG20DUOGESHENG、SHIKAIZHANQILAI。TONGGUOGANBUJIAOLIU,YIFANGMIANBANGZHUZHONGXIBUYIXIEPINKUNDIQUGANBUXUEXILEXIANJINJINGYAN,JIEFANGLESIXIANG,GENGXINLEGUANNIAN,JIFALETAMENGAIBIANJIAXIANGMIANMAODEJUEXINHEXINXIN,JIUHUOHEKAIBANLEYIPIXIANGZHENQIYE,FAZHANLEWUZIJIAOLIU,ZHUANYILESHENGYULAODONGLI,YINJINLEJISHU、RENCAI、ZIJIN,DAIDONGLEGANBUPEIXUN。TONGSHI,JIAOFADADIQUGANBUZAIBANGZHUQIANFADADIQUDEGONGZUOZHONG,TIGAOLERENSHI,HUODELEDUANLIANHETIGAO,PEIYANGLEYIDAPILINGDAOGANBU,YEYONGXIANCHUHENDUOXIANGKONGFANSENZHEIYANGDEHAOGANBU,JINSHANNAN、SHANBEILIANGGEDIQU,ZAIGANBUJIAOLIUDETOUSINIAN,JIUHUODEJINGJIXINXI6000DUOTIAO,YINJINJISHU679XIANG,YINJINZIJIN4770WANYUAN,YINJINGELEIRENCAI1046REN,JIUHUOXIANGZHENQIYE500GE。JIN25WANRENDESHANYANGXIAN,LAOWUSHUCHUJIUDA2.5WANREN,YIFUPINWEINEIRONGDESHENGNEIGANBUJIAOLIUGUIMOGENGDA,JINSHANDONGJIUYOU12WANREN,JIANGSUSHENGSUNANYUSUBEIJIAOLIU6000REN,GUANGDONGDEYUENANXIANGYUEBEIJIAOLIU3000REN。

WEILELUOSHIDENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIXIANFUBANGHOUFUDEWEIDAGOUXIANGHEJIANGZEMINTONGZHIGUANYU“ZHONGXIHUZHU、GONGTONGFUYU”DEKOUHAO,HELAOZAIGANBUJIAOLIUDEJICHUSHANG,XIANHOUDUOCIZOUFANGJIANGSUJIANGYINHUAXICUN、BEIJINGFANGSHANQUDOUDIAN、HENANXINXIANGLIUZHUANG、ZHEJIANGXIAOSHANWANXIANGDENGYIXIEXIANFUQILAIDENONGCUN,DONGYUANZHEIXIEXIANFUQILAIDEDANGZHIBU,ZHIFUBUWANGPINKUNDIQUDEQUNZHONG。

1994NIAN,YONGYOU40YIYUANZICHANDEQUANGUOLAOMO、JIANGSUSHENGJIANGYINHUAXICUNDANGZHIBUSHUJIWURENBAOLVXIANTICHUYAOWEIPINKUNDIQUPEIYANGXIANGZHENGANBUDEXIANGFA。SUIJIWURENBAOXIANGQUANGUOLAOMOTICHULECANYUFUPINDECHANGYI,DEDAOHENANSHIMIHE、SHANGHAIGAOFENGCHI、TANGSHANHANZHENGUO、SHANDONGWANGTINGJIANG、BEIJINGTIANXIONG、NIZHENLIANG、ZHANGJIAGANGQINZHENHUA、LIAONINGLIGUILIAN、JILINLUZHIMINGDENGJIJIXIANGYING。CONG1994NIANQI,ZHEIXIELAOMOXIANHOUZAIBEIJING、SHANGHAI、SHANDONG、SICHUAN、HENAN、SHAMEN、SHENZHEN、TANGSHANDENGDIWUCHANGJUBANLE35GEPEIXUNBAN,WEILAOQUPINKUNDIQUPEIXUNXIANGZHENGANBU48000REN,XIANJIGANBU1800DUOREN,MEIQIPEIXUNBAN,HELAODOUYAOQINZIDAOHUIJIANGHUA。HELAOBUGUNIANSHIYIGAO,QINZIBIANXIE《DONGXIHUDONG,GONGTONGFUYU》YISHU,BINGYULIQI、TAOLUJIATONGZHIHEBIANLE《DAHAOFUPINGONGJIANDEFANLI》YISHU,ZUOWEIJIAOCAIFADAOXUEYUANSHOUZHONG。JINGGUOPEIXUN,WEILAOQUPINKUNDIQUDEJICENGGANBUTIGONGLEDAOFADADIQUCANGUANXUEXIDEJIHUI,ZENGZHANGLEZHISHI,JIEFANGLESIXIANG,KAIKUOLEYANJIE,CUJINLEDONGXIHUZHUDEJINGJIFAZHAN。ZAIHELAODEGULIZHICHIXIA,LAOMOMENHEXIANJINDANGZHIBUYEFENFENXIANGLAOQU、PINKUNDIQUJINXINGJISHUHEZIJINTOURU。WURENBAOZAININGXIA、HEILONGJIANG、GANSU,LUGUANQIUZAIJIANGXI、ANHUI,CHANGZONGLINZAITAIXINGSHAN,NIZHENLIANGZAIGANSU、NINGXIA、SHANXI,HANZHENHAIZAIQINGHAI,LIUWEICANZAIYINCHUANDENGDIJINXINGJISHUHEZIJINTOURU。JINBAIMINGQUANGUOLAOMOJIARUDAOSHEHUIFUPINXINGLIEZHIZHONG。

HELAODEJINGSHENBUJINGANDONGLEPINKUNDIQUDEBAIXING,GANDONGLEQIYE,GANDONGLEQUANGUOLAOMO,YEGANDONGLESHIJIEYOURENHECISHANJIGOU:

RIBENYOURENYECUNJIUSHOUMACONGBAOZHISHANGKANDAOZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUICHENGLIDEXIAOXIHOU,DIYIGEJUANKUAN50WANRIYUAN,YONGYUSHANBEIDEFUPINKAIFAXIANGMU。

TAIWAN《LIANHEBAO》JIZHEZHOUYUKOUNVSHISHI《JIANGJINGGUOYUZHANGYARUO》YISHUDEZUOZHE,1990NIANGAISHUWENSHIHOU,JIANGGAOCHOUYIBUFEN60WANYUANTAIBIJUANZENGJIZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUI,YONGYUJIANGXIHEZHEJIANGDEZHUXUEZIJIN。1992NIANZHOUNVSHIJUANZENG4000WANMEIYUAN,ZIZHUZHEJIANGSHENGFENGHUAXIANXIKOUZHEN3SUOSHANQUXIAOXUEDE50MINGPINKUNERTONGHEZAIJIANGXISHENGNINGDOUXIANLAICUNXIUJIAN1SUOXIAOXUE。

1994NIAN11YUE,XIANGGANGTEBIEXINGZHENGQULIJUXIANSHENGJUANZI40WANYUAN,BANGZHUHEBEISHENGFUPINGXIANXINGJIANZHIYEJISHUXUEXIAO。

真人斗地主1996NIANXINJIAPOHUAYISHIYEJIALILUDAXIANSHENGJUANKUAN6000YUWANYUAN,YONGYUPINKUNDIQUXIUJIANXUEXIAO、YIYUANHEXINGBANGONGYISHIYE。

MEIGUOAIKESENSHIYOUGONGSIJUANKUAN115WANMEIYUAN,YONGYUXINJIANGQIEMOXIANZHONGXINYIYUANKUOJIAN,BINGZAIGAIXIANXIUJIANLIANGSUOXIAOXUE。

真人斗地主1997NIAN3YUE,LVMEIHUARENSHIYEJIALIYULINGNVSHICHUZI1000WANYUANSHELIKEJIAOJIJIN。RIBENGUOJIWENHUAJIAOLIUXIEHUIJUANZI20WANYUANRENMINBIXINGJIANFUPINGXIANTUMENCUNFUMINXIAOXUE。DEGUOMISUOERJIJINHUIXIANGHEBEIYIXIAN,ANHUISHENGYUEXIXIAN、ZONGYANGXIAN,JIANGXISHENGNANCHANGJUANZI20WANMAKE(YUEHERENMINBI100WANYUAN),YONGYUZHICHIFUPINKAIFAXIANGMU。

ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,ZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUIBANGONGSHIZHURENHUAKENVSHIMEICITANDAOHELAO,ZONGSHIYOUZHONGDEQINPEI。TASHUO:“HELAOZUILEJIEZHONGGUODEGUOQING,YOUSHIYIGEMAKESIZHUYILILUNJIA,DANGHEGUOJIABANGEDUOSHIJIDEZHENGCE、FANGZHENZAITANEILIKEYISHUOSHIYIBUHUOCISHU。SUOYIBIERENYAOBULAIDEQIAN,TAZHIYAODAOCHANG,QIANJIULAILE,BIERENBANBUQILAIDEFUPINXIANGMU,TAZHIYAONULI,XIANGMUJIUBANQILAILE。TASHIYIHAIZHANGZHIXIN,OUXINLIXUEDICONGSHIFUPINSHIYE,CONGERWEIZHONGGUODEFUPINSHIYECHUANGZAOLEDUOGEQIJI,TADUIZHONGGUODEFUPINSHIYEDEGONGXIANSHIJUDADE,YOURENSHUOMEIYOUHELAO,JIUMEIYOUZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUIDEJINTIAN。TADEJINGSHEN、CHONGGAODEPINZHI、KUANKUODEXIONGHUAI、GONGZUOZUOFENG、GONGZUOFANGZHENZHIDEWOMENFUPINJIJINHUIQUANTITONGZHIRENZHENXUEXI。”

“丈夫为志,穷当益坚,老当益壮”

真人斗地主KEYISHUOHELAODEYISHENGSHIKANKEDE,ZHENGZHISHENGYASHIDUONANDE,DAN21NIANDELAODONGGAIZAOBINGMEIYOUGAIBIANHELAODUIDANGDEXINNIAN。WEILEDANGDESHIYE,TALIJINMONAN、BAIZHEBUNAO;WEILERENMINDEXINGFU,TADANJINGJIELV、OUXINLIXUE。FUPINYUHELAOWANNIANSHENGHUOJIEXIALEBUJIEZHIYUAN。10DUONIANLAI,TAQUANSHENXINDITOURUFUPINSHIYE,CHULEKAIHUI、ZHUYUAN,MEINIANYUEYOU10GEYUESHIJIANZAIXIABIANBENBO。TABUZHIDAOSHENMEJIAOKU、SHENMEJIAOLEI,TADEXINYONGYUANXIANGNIANQINGRENNEIYANGNIANQING,TADEJINGLIYONGYUANNEIYANGCHONGPEI。ZAIJIQIFANMANGDEGONGZUOZHONG,TAXIANGZHONGYANGLINGDAOTONGZHISUOXIEDEBAOGAO,XIANGZHONGYANGZUZHIBUHEFUPINPEIXUNXIAOZUDEBAOGAOHEJIANYI;ZAIQUANGUOZHENGXIEHUIYISHANG、BAOKAN、ZAZHIJIZHONGYANGRENMINGUANGBODIANTAIDEHUYU;ZAIYIXIEFUPINJIKUNHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUADENGWENZHANGJIUDA80YUPIAN,XUDUOBAOGAOHEJIANYIBEIZHONGYANGLINGDAOTONGZHIPISHIHECAINA。ERZHEIYIQIEGONGZUO,DUIYUHELAOLAISHUODOUSHIYIWUDE。TASHUO:“WOMENZHEIXIERENDUOSHICONGZHANZHENGZHONGZOUGUOLAIDE,ZHANZHENGNIANDAILAOQURENMINWEIGEMINGFUCHULEJIDADEDAIJIA,WEILEBANGZHUWOMENSHELESHENGMINGHECAICHAN,ZAIZUIKUNNANDESHIHOUBAZHONGZIHEXIAOZHUSHALENACHULAIJIWOMENCHI,RANGZIJIARENAIE。RUJINZHEIXIEPINKUNSHANQUHAIGUOZHEYIBUZHETI、WUBUBIYU、SHIBUGUOFUDERIZI,WOMENXINLINANSHOUYA!DANGCISHENGXINGJIANGJIESHUQIAN,JIPINKUNDIQUDEBAIXINGBANDIANSHISHI,LIAOBIAO“HAIZHANG”ZHIXIN。HAIZHANG,FUPIN,CHENGLEHELAOYISHENGDEQINGYUAN。HELAOJIUSHIYI“HAIZHANG”ZHIXINZAIFUPINGONGZUOZHONGYIGANJIUSHI15NIAN!

真人斗地主HELAOTUIJUERXIANBUJIU,JIUBEIYISHENGQUEZHENWEIBANGGUANGAI。DANHELAOHUODALEGUAN。DABINGCHUYUANHOUXIELEYISHOUDAYOUSHIZHANSHIXIONGHUAI:“QINGSHANWEIBIANRENYANLAO,WEIYOUJINGSHENSIBULE。BAODAOMAWENGBUSHOULIU,TASHUOHAISHIFUPINHAO。”

YUSHI,TAYOUBUBIHANSHU,YEYIJIRIDIBENBOLE。HELAORENWEI,“BIQIZHANZHENGNIANDAIDAOXIADEZHANYOU,WONENGHUODAOJINTIANSUANSHIYOUFUDERENLE。”

ZHEIJIUSHIYIWEIMAODIELAORENDEQINGHUAI!

YIWEITUIXIALAIDELAOBUZHANGGANKAIDISHUO:“HELAOBUKUISHIZAILINGXIUSHENBIANGONGZUOGUODEREN,QILINGDAOFENGFAN、RENGEMEILI、NINGJULISHIWOMENXUEXIDEBANGYANG。”

真人斗地主YUANGUOJIASHIYOUBUFUBUZHANG、ZHONGGUOFUPINJIJINHUIFUHUIZHANGLIJINGSHUO:“HELAOSHIWEIZHONGGUOFUPINJIHUISHIYEKAIPIDAOLUDEREN,TADEGERENMEILIHEZUOYONGSHIBUKEGULIANGDE,BIERENYEWUFADAITI,TADESILU、BANFA、JIANYIBUJINDUIFUPINSHIYEYOUZHEJIJIDETUIDONGZUOYONG,ERQIEZHONGYANGLINGDAOTONGZHIDUITADEJIANYIDOUHENZHONGSHIERQIECAINA。”

TADEJINGSHENGANDONGLEZHONGYANGLINGDAO。2001NIAN,SONGPINGTONGZHIJIHELAOXIEXINSHUO:“HEZAITONGZHI,NIYIRUCIGAOLINGRENGSHENRUNONGCUNDIAOCHAYANJIU,BINGWEIPINKUNNONGCUNZHANGLUOBANSHIQUDENEIMEDADECHENGJI,RANGWOSHENWEIGANDONG。”

真人斗地主LIXIANNIANSHENGQIANDUIHELAODEGONGZUOJIYULEGAODUDEPINGJIA:“ZHENGFUTUIDONGBULEDESHI,BEILAOTONGZHIMENZUOCHENGLE,DONGXIHUZHU、GANBUJIAOLIU、PEIXUNYIYIBUKEGULIANG。”

WENJIABAO、CENGQINGHONG、ZHANGQUANJING、JIANGCHUNYUN、CHENJUNSHENG、LVFENG、LINHUJIA、YANGZHONGDENGDUIHEZAIJIYULEGAODUDEPINGJIA。

ZAIDANGZHONGYANGHEGUOWUYUANDEZHENGQUELINGDAOXIA,JINGGUOQUANDANG、QUANGUORENMINDEJIANKUFENDOU,DAO2000NIANDIQIAN,ZHONGGUODEPINKUNRENKOUYOU1978NIANDE2.5YIJIANSHAODAO3000WAN。NONGCUNPINKUNRENKOUDESHULIANG,YOUZHANNONGCUNRENKOUZONGSHUDE30.7%JIANSHAODAO3%。LIANHEGUOZUZHIRENWEISHI“CHENGGONGDEDUODEGUOJIA”。GUOJISHEHUIBAWOGUOFUPINGONGZUOSHANGDEZHEIYICHENGJIUXINXIDICHENGWEI“QIJI”。

“WENBAOYOUYU,YISHIWUYOU”CENGSHIQIANBAINIANLAIZHONGGUONONGMINSHISHIDAIDAIMENGMEIYIQIUDEYUANWANG,SHIWUSHUZHITURENRENHEGEMINGXIANQULIUXUEXISHENGDEMUBIAOZHIYI。QUANGUOYIWANNONGMINJIBENJIEJUEWENBAOWENTI,ZHEISHIYIGEWEIDADESHENGLI,ZAIZHONGHUAMINZUDEFAZHANSHISHANG,ZAIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESHISHANG,ZAIRENLEIFANPINKUNDOUZHENGSHISHANGSHIYIGEZHONGYAODELICHENGBEI,SHIZHONGGUORENMINJIQIANNIANLAIDEYIJIANDAXISHI,KEQINGKEHE!

 

BAISUILAORENHEZAI

(本文荣获中国老科学技术工作者协会和中国老年学学会2010年10月在江苏省扬州市举办的“第四届中国老年人才论坛”优秀论文奖。)

ZUOZHEJIANJIE:RONGLIN,BAOJISHIWEIBINQUTUIXIUGANBU。SHANXISHENGSHICIXUEHUIHUIYUAN,BAOJISHISHICIXIEHUIYUANFUHUIZHANG,BAOJISHIZAWENSANWENJIAXIEHUIHUIYUAN。GUOJIA、SHENG、SHILAONIANXUEXUEHUIHUIYUAN,WEIBINQULAONIANXUEXUEHUIGUWEN。XIHUANYONGWENZIJILUQINGGANYUXINLULICHENG,DUIBAOJILISHIWENHUA、XIFUMINSUQINGYOUDUZHONG。YANHUANGWENXUESHEQIANYUEZUOJIA。

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